Physical exertion of the body and other skills done either recreationally to pass time or as a competition with set rules and condition can basically be termed as a sport. Diving is one of the major sports that is known all over the world and involves jumping or falling into water from a springboard. When a person is diving, one has to perform some acrobatic activities usually involving the performance of quite extraordinary human feats to enhance balance and motor coordination and makes use of gymnastic elements. There are minimal risks when doing diving since most training and competitions are supervised hence the risk of injury is low. Jumping into water that has inadequate depth during diving and from structures such as bridges is capable of causing severe accidents to an individual.
Scuba diving is one of the types of diving and it makes use of a scuba. A scuba is an acronym for self-contained underwater breathing apparatus which is an apparatus used for breathing proving a person with breathing gas at the ambient pressure. Scuba diving is, therefore, a form of underwater diving where the diver has to have a scuba for providing the breathing gas supplied to a person doing scuba diving through a regulator. Scuba diving can be done for recreation as well as a profession mostly in activities involving scientific research, military, and public safety.Fins that attached to the legs of a scuba diver enable one to move while underwater and is a major requirement in scuba diving. A diver propulsion vehicle or a sled that is pulled from the surface to also help in propelling the scuba diver when under water. Scuba diving also requires one to have a mask that helps one have a clear vision when under the water. Protection when in the water environment is key hence one should have a protective device or gear as well as a device that ensures buoyancy when in the water. Scuba diving done for professional activities requires one to have all the instruments and equipment needed for successful operations while under water.
Risk management during scuba diving helps in minimizing the risks that may be involved. Problems that can be experienced while underwater can be being trapped by materials present in the water environment or drowning due to panicking or having some health problems. A person doing scuba diving should have a clean bill of health and also should be properly trained to prevent any chance of panic while under water. Another challenge that can be experienced is the decompression sickness which occurs when one breathes compressed air at depth making tissues to absorb more nitrogen. Decompression sickness can be easily be avoided by ascending slowly during scuba diving and performing safety stops.